About Idaho

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Important facts about Idaho

As the 13th largest state in the U.S., Idaho produces 72 types of precious and semi-precious stones. Some of these stones can be found nowhere else in the world, which is why our great state is known as The Gem State.

Idaho: some characteristics
Population 1,567,582 (2010 Census)
Land Area 83,557 square miles
Water Area 823 square miles
River Miles 3,500 miles (more than any other state in the Lower 48)
Capital City Boise
Date of Statehood July 3rd, 1890
Highest Elevation 12,662 ft. (Mt. Borah)
Lowest Elevation 738 ft. (Lewiston, ID)


Idaho’s climate is diverse and influenced by weather patterns off the Pacific Ocean. Generally, the northern part of the state receives more precipitation than southern Idaho, which has warmer summer temperatures.